Large Storage Heater

Consideration For Using Storage Heaters

Storage heaters, as the name suggest store or keep heat. Good storage heaters are designed to consume cheap off peak or direct electricity for maximum output.
Among other models, the following are some types of storage heaters designed for comfort and optimum efficiency and effectiveness.

  • Combination model
  • Automatic model
  • Smart fun assisted model
  • Manual control model

Before deciding on any of the above types of storage heaters, the following specific heater considerations have to be taken into account.

I. Safety Features

Minimum safety required standards should be taken into consideration before installing a storage home heater. The following are some of the safety concerns;

  • Exposed surfaces; should be cool to touch and free from any acute shocks
  • Safety cut off switch; to stop current flow in case of any emergency
  • Air inlets and outlets; ventilation is important for cooling. This prevents energy loss due to overheating.
  • It should also be free of open flames and exposed heating elements to prevent accidental fires and burns.
  • Should conform to low voltage directive (LVD). should draw less amount of current so as not to overload the electrical circuit systems
  • Should be Eco-friendly by not emitting unsafe exhaust gases e.g. carbon monoxide and smells

At any time, even under a vacated premise, it should not expose your property to damages by leaks from radiators

II. Energy Saving Features

High cost of fuel, climate change and supply shortages are some of the important reasons for energy conservation. To aid this, a good storage heater should have well installed features for energy conservation. These include;
i. Panel heaters; Panel heaters offer a variety of options in relation to energy saving as below;

  • Run back timers; after a specified time duration, the run back timer switches off the heater automatically.
  • 24 hours timer; allows planned (advance) heating since it controls when the heater will be switched on or off
  • Accurate thermostats;controls overheating or under heating by ensuring the room temperatures do not vary/fluctuate
  • Half heat switches; reduces watts used if heater output is more than required.

ii. Heater Controls; Examples include; Plug in Modules, Individual Heater Controls or Central Programmers. They improve on efficiency of the storage heater.
The Automatic Input Control controls the amount of heat the heater stores depending on the weather.

iii. Duo heat radiators; by using off peak and direct source of electricity, they enable 24 hours provision of heat. The heater should be able to automatically adjust to desired heat proportions for comfort-ability. Check out this video for a little advice on how to get the most out of your storage heater:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUwXE8mlj-I

III. Maintenance

For safety and efficiency, some storage heaters require regular maintenance. To avoid damages to heater cords, Servicing should be done by only qualified personnel.
Before deciding this type of storage heater, get information on how frequently it will be serviced and if there is any fee attached to that. If it needs frequent servicing, consider other better options.
Also get to know the type of servicing whether it will involve changing parts or just simple routine maintenance. A good storage heater requires very minimal or no maintenance.

IV. Positioning

For effectiveness, safety, efficiency and optimal results, heaters should be strategically installed with the following taken into consideration;

  • Human traffic; as a safety measure, heaters should be installed in arrears or sections of the house free from human traffic. This will prevent burns and trip hazards from heater cords.
  • Visible cords; heater cords should not be passed under carpets or anywhere not visible as they might unknowingly undergo wear and tear.
  • Away from easily combustible material e.g. paper bins, curtains, desks among others to prevent accidental fires
  • Balanced, optimal heating; should be orientated for maximum, better heat output results.

V. Cost and warranty

With many storage heaters in the market, consider the one most tailored to your needs in terms of optimum energy output and low costs (price and maintenance) Cut on installation costs by inquiring about after sale installation service and get assurance about the heater quality through warranty to cover on any inconvenience.

VI. Heating effectiveness

Optimal effectiveness depends on heater efficiency and size of the room among other factors. A large open space will require more powerful heaters compared to smaller enclosed rooms. For energy efficiency, a heater with correct capacity for a given room should be considered
Overheating heaters that exhibit more than 22c of temperature are never a good fit since a lot of energy is wasted. Consequently, consider heaters with automatic input controls, half heat switches and Run back timers for automatic energy regulations.

VII. Supervision

Some heaters require constant or frequent supervision due to their overheating nature or exposed flames e.g. small fun heaters. These kinds of heaters must be attended to when in operation and should not be preferred for home installations due to high risks associated with them.
Heaters with automatic cut outs on tipping, without exposed flames, cool to touch and free from faults should be preferred.

Value Vs Cost

How Much Does it Cost to Insulate your Home?

Warm air usually flows to a cooler place. During summer, it tends to flow from the outside hot environment into the house. On winter, it tends to flow from a warm in-house environment to the external colder environment. This process though easily prevented by insulation, comes at a cost.

Insulation, when done by yourself can be a simple home improvement process .i.e. batts insulation can be by nailing or stapling, foam panel insulation can be by simple cutting and fixing and reflective foil insulation can be installed by a staple gun. Although this is the case, it can sometimes turn messy and some insulation materials are not safe for handling. Therefore, it should be left to qualified, certified professionals.

According to statistics, an average home is about 2520 square feet with walls and ceiling for insulation. Depending on your budget, materials and other factors, the cost of insulation can vary as explained below;

  1. The Attic

According to experts, the cost of attic insulation ranges from $1.5 to $2.5 per square foot. (This can change by 100% if insulation is of blown type). Air sealing and Attic ventilation will have to be taken care of during this process at a cost of $45 to $55 per ventilating unit.

  1. Wall cavity insulation

Homes built in early years were constructed with two wall layers leaving a cavity between them. Cavity wall insulation is the filling of this gap to reduce condensation from external wall, enhance warmth and save energy.

To consider cavity wall insulation, your home should;

  • Have been built more than ten years ago and doesn’t have insulation. You can confirm this with the help of a registered installer. By drilling a small hole into your house wall (boroscope inspection), to confirm presence or absence of insulation material. Alternatively, confirm from the local authority building control department.
  • Have a wall cavity of more than 50mm
  • Not have walls exposed to driving rain and no leaks. If internal walls are found to be dump during the insulation process, registered damp prevention experts should be contacted to take care of the dampness problem first.
  • Have good brickwork.
  • Have easily accessible external walls. If they are joined to another house, a cavity barrier is inserted to protect from any effect.

The insulation material is then blown into the 50mm cavity from outside the house (through 22mm drilled holes) to fill every part of the wall. After filling, the drilled holes are professionally sealed, not to be noticed.

Cost of wall cavity insulation

The insulation material is mainly made from mineral wool, foamed insulants and beads all manufactured as per set standards and professionally certified. Before purchase, it is important to determine the thermal resistance or R-value that is to be achieved. The better the material is in insulation, the higher the thermal resistance (R-Value).

For wall cavity insulation, most professionals charge $2.50-$3.50 per square foot. This also varies from $ 1100-$3600 for a thousand square feet.

For Full home insulation, the cost depends on the material to be used, area climatic and the economic condition. It averages to about $2600-$5600.

It is important to note that, some companies encourage insulation by offering insulation rebates and discounts. Therefore, before purchase and installation of any insulation material, ensure you are informed about the local insulation services offered.

The following are annual estimates of savings that can be made with wall cavity insulation on a gas heated home. (They are not definite)

Type of building

Flat Bungalow Mid Terrace Semi Detached Detached
Annual savings £380 £100 £100 £150 £255
Installation costs £340 £440 £380 £485 £730
Saved carbon dioxide in a year 330kgs 430kgs 400kgs 700kgs 1140kgs
Payback period

Less than five year period

  1. Floor insulation

Floor insulation is the addition of insulation materials below floor boards to minimise loss of heat into the ground. Sometimes draughts come into the house through floorboards and insulation works to reduce this. According to research and statistics, 16% of heat loss is via the floor. Apart from new floor insulation, retrofitting can also be done.

Floor insulation can be done by yourself at home however it is advisable to involve a professional since some insulation materials e.g. glass wool are not safe when handled without protective clothing.

If rooms below are heated, it is not necessary to insulate floors on 2nd or 3rd floors.

Cost of Floor Insulation

A roll of floor insulation fibre 7 metres in length and 1m in width, costs Rising Cost of Home Insulation£15. For concrete floors, insulation boards 2.4 metre length and 1.2 metre width Cost approximately £20. These come in different sizes and thickness therefore offering different levels of desired insulation.

Floor insulation can also be done using butt materials. As represented in the table below, the cost of batt floor insulation depends on material cost, labour time and cost of materials.

1TEM QUANTITY LOW HIGH
Common Mid-Grade Batt Insulation Cost For 200 square feet $ 80.00 $90.00
Batt Insulation Labour 4.0 hours $105.00 $200.00
Cost of Materials and Supplies e.g. fasteners, sealing tape among others 190 square feet $20.00 $30.00
Installation Costs 190 square feet $195.00 $305.00

With the above information, average cost of batt insulation per square metre can easily be obtained.

  1. Warehouse insulation; Cost of materials

This depends on the size of the warehouse and the type of insulation material. The following is a rough estimate cost representation of quality materials for insulation.

Under-floor insulation materials; if the size is of 80 square metres, the estimated cost will be between $ 160 and $800. If it’s of 110 square metres, the cost will vary from $220 to $1100 and that of 130 square metres, the cost will be between $260 and $1300.

Ceiling insulation materials; for 80 square metres, the estimated cost will be between $400 and $1200. If it’s of 110 square metres, the cost will vary from $550 to $1550 and that of 130 square metres, the cost will be between $650 and $1850

Cost of warehouse insulation

The following is a rough estimate cost representation of quality insulation.

Under-floor insulation; for perfect insulation, charges vary from $18 to $20 per square metre. For fair or good insulation, one pays from $13 to $17 per square metre.

Ceiling insulation; charges vary from $10 to $20 per square metre depending on the grade. (Inclusive of materials and labour)

It is important to note that the costs and prices as explained above are not definite and can vary depending on place or locality. They should just act as a guideline.